What are Category 5 & 5e Cables

Ethernet cables are used to connect individuals as well as companies via the world of computers and internet.
Category 5e (Cat5e) is an Ethernet network cable standard, which is defined by the Electronic Industries Association and Telecommunications Industry Association (EIA/TIA).
Category 5 cable is a 5th generation of twisted pair Ethernet technology, and is currently the most popular of all twisted pair cables.
Category 5 cable is made with four pairs of copper wire. It supports Fast Ethernet speeds (up to 100 Mbps). Similar to other types of twisted pair EIA/TIA cabling, Category 5e cable runs are limited to a maximum recommended run length of 100m (328 feet).
Category 5e (Category 5 enhanced) cable is a newer version of Category 5 cable and is different from it in the supported speed transmitted. Fast Ethernet communications only utilize two of the four pairs of copper of Category 5 cable, while Category 5e supports networking at Gigabit Ethernet[ speeds (up to 1000 Mbps) over short distances by utilizing all four wire pairs.
Twisted pair cable like CAT5 comes in two main varieties, solid and stranded. Solid CAT5 cable supports longer length runs and works best in fixed wiring configurations like office buildings. Stranded CAT5 cable, on the other hand, is more pliable and better suited for shorter-distance, movable cabling such as on-the-fly patch cabling.